Vitamina D y piel

  • Ana Lucía Molina
  • Ángela Londoño
Palabras clave: vitamina D, neoplasias cutáneas, radiación ultravioleta Vitamin D, skin cancer, solar UV radiation

Resumen

La vitamina D es un nutriente esencial que puede obtenerse por exposición solar, suplementos o en la dieta. Históricamente, se ha considerado como fundamental en la homeostasis del calcio y el fósforo, pero actualmente se han encontrado múltiples y diferentes funciones en la regulación del crecimiento y proliferación celular, como inmunomodulador, como antioxidante, en el control del sistema renina-angiotensina-aldosterona y en la producción de insulina, entre otras. Sus efectos están regulados por factores endógenos y exógenos, y su deficiencia se ha asociado a diferentes enfermedades como cáncer, enfermedades autoinmunitarias, enfermedades cardiovasculares e infecciones.
El objetivo de este artículo fue hacer una revisión actualizada y completa sobre la vitamina D, sus efectos, sus funciones y las posibles complicaciones de su deficiencia. Se presenta esta revisión por ser un tema de actualidad, de gran controversia e importancia en el campo de la Dermatología.

Biografía del autor/a

Ana Lucía Molina

Médica, residente III de Dermatología, Facultad de Medicina, Escuela de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana, Medellín, Colombia

Ángela Londoño

Médica dermatóloga y epidemióloga; docente, Facultad de Medicina, Escuela de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana, Medellín, Colombia

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Cómo citar
1.
Molina AL, Londoño Ángela. Vitamina D y piel. rev. asoc. colomb. dermatol. cir. dematol. [Internet]. 1 de julio de 2012 [citado 8 de diciembre de 2022];20(3):239-52. Disponible en: https://revista.asocolderma.org.co/index.php/asocolderma/article/view/235

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Publicado
2012-07-01
Sección
Artículo de revisión