Enfoque y manejo de cicatrices hipertróficas y queloides

  • Claudia Andrea Hernández
Palabras clave: cicatrices hipertróficas, queloides, manejo Hypertrophic scars, keloids, management

Resumen

La cicatrización es un proceso dinámico, continuo y complejo en el que interactúan diferentes células, la matriz extracelular y mediadores químicos, como citocinas, además de la influencia de factores locales y sistémicos. El proceso se lleva a cabo en tres pasos secuenciales que incluyen la fase inflamatoria y de hemostasia, la fase de proliferación y, finalmente, la fase de maduración y remodelación de la cicatriz. Las cicatrices hipertróficas y queloides hacen parte del espectro de cicatrices anormales; su fisiopatología no es clara pero se proponen diversas teorías que se discuten en este artículo. Además, se aborda un enfoque práctico para su manejo teniendo en cuenta las opciones terapéuticas disponibles en nuestro medio así como los manejos experimentales.

Biografía del autor/a

Claudia Andrea Hernández

Médica, residente de Dermatología, Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana, Medellín, Colombia

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Cómo citar
1.
Hernández CA. Enfoque y manejo de cicatrices hipertróficas y queloides. rev. asoc. colomb. dermatol. cir. dematol. [Internet]. 5 de marzo de 2019 [citado 27 de noviembre de 2022];19(3):218-2. Disponible en: https://revista.asocolderma.org.co/index.php/asocolderma/article/view/364

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Publicado
2019-03-05
Sección
Artículo de revisión