Dermatitis de contacto alérgica e irritativa en región vulvar. Impacto de los jabones íntimos

  • Adriana Patricia Cruz Garnica
  • Sonia Salamanca
  • Natalia Hernández
  • Johanna Alexandra Villamil
  • Diana Carolina Quiasua
Palabras clave: Dermatitis de contacto, eccema, vulva, jabones, pruebas del parche.

Resumen

La dermatitis de contacto vulvar es un problema común en dermatología y ginecología; afecta de manera importante la salud y la calidad de vida de las mujeres que la padecen. Más del 50% de los casos de prurito vulvar crónico en mujeres adultas puede ser atribuido a sustancias irritantes y alérgenos, entre ellos los denominados jabones íntimos, cuyo uso es cada vez más frecuente. El principal síntoma de la dermatitis es irritación en la región vulvar; puede presentar síntomas como prurito, ardor y dolor. La dermatitis de contacto se produce después de la exposición a irritantes exógenos o alérgenos. Clínicamente son difíciles de diferenciar estas dos entidades; se requiere realizar una adecuada historia clínica, que indague sobre posibles alérgenos, realizar un examen físico completo y una prueba de parche, único método diagnóstico que confirma la dermatitis alérgica por contacto, para realizar un diagnóstico acertado e iniciar un tratamiento adecuado y eliminar el factor desencadenante.

Biografía del autor/a

Adriana Patricia Cruz Garnica

Dermatóloga, Universidad Nacional de Colombia

Sonia Salamanca

Ginecóloga, Universidad Javeriana

Natalia Hernández

Dermatóloga, Universidad Militar

Johanna Alexandra Villamil

Médica General, Universidad El Bosque

Diana Carolina Quiasua

Médica General, Universidad El Rosario

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Cómo citar
1.
Cruz Garnica AP, Salamanca S, Hernández N, Villamil JA, Quiasua DC. Dermatitis de contacto alérgica e irritativa en región vulvar. Impacto de los jabones íntimos. rev. asoc. colomb. dermatol. cir. dematol. [Internet]. 28 de abril de 2020 [citado 8 de agosto de 2020];27(4):239-58. Disponible en: https://revista.asocolderma.org.co/index.php/asocolderma/article/view/1398

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Publicado
2020-04-28
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