Frontal fibrosing alopecia and lichen planus pigmentosus: a case series

  • Diana Marcela Méndez
  • Claudia Marcela Arenas
  • Camilo Andrés Morales
Palabras clave: Alopecia, Lichen planus, Facial papules, Physiopathology, Diagnosis

Resumen

Frontal fibrosing alopecia is a type of scarring alopecia that has been associated with different skin lesions including lichen planus pigmentosus. Both diseases share common pathophysiological mechanisms, which explain their coexistence in the same patient. We report 12 cases of mestizo women with frontal fibrosing alopecia and lichen planus pigmentosus confirmed by histopathology and discuss the pathophysiological mechanisms shared by both diseases. The most important pathophysiological mechanism common to both diseases is the cytotoxic T-lymphocyte response, which is directed against keratinocytes and hair follicle stem cells, causing apoptosis and damage to the basal layer, with consequent tissue remodeling that deter­mines the clinical appearance of the lesions of frontal fibrosing alopecia and lichen planus pigmentosus.

Biografía del autor/a

Diana Marcela Méndez

Dermatólogo, Hospital Universitario Centro Dermatológico Federico Lleras Acosta, E.S.E. Bogotá D.C., Colombia.
ORCID https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6834-1157

Claudia Marcela Arenas

Dermatólogo, Hospital Universitario Centro Dermatológico Federico Lleras Acosta, E.S.E. Bogotá D.C., Colombia.
ORCID https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3689-5355

Camilo Andrés Morales

Dermatólogo, Hospital Universitario Centro Dermatológico Federico Lleras Acosta, E.S.E. Bogotá D.C., Colombia. Docente adjunto, Fundación Universitaria Sanitas, Bogotá, D.C., Colombia. ORCID https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3187-3272

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Cómo citar
1.
Méndez DM, Arenas CM, Morales CA. Frontal fibrosing alopecia and lichen planus pigmentosus: a case series. rev. asoc. colomb. dermatol. cir. dematol. [Internet]. 19 de octubre de 2020 [citado 3 de diciembre de 2020];28(2):176-83. Disponible en: https://revista.asocolderma.org.co/index.php/asocolderma/article/view/1522

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Publicado
2020-10-19
Sección
Reporte de caso

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