Vitiligo

  • María Cristina Trujillo Correa
  • Luz Marina Gómez Vargas
Palabras clave: Vitiligo, trastornos de la pigmentación, hipopigmentación Vitiligo, pigmentation disorders, hypopigmentation

Resumen

El vitiligo se define como un trastorno de la pigmentación, adquirido, crónico, caracterizado por máculas blancas, que usualmente aumentan de tamaño con el tiempo y que corresponden a una pérdida de la función de los melanocitos epidérmicos y, en algunas ocasiones, a los del folículo piloso. La prevalencia mundial es de 0,5% a 2% y afecta todas las razas y en igual proporción a hombres y mujeres. Se han propuesto múltiples teorías para explicar la patogénesis de la enfermedad y, entre ellas, han resaltado la hipótesis bioquímica, la neural y la autoinmune; esta última es la más popular. Las diferentes teorías pueden contribuir a explicar la pérdida de los melanocitos, apoyando una etiología multifactorial, lo que se conoce como la teoría de convergencia.
El diagnóstico es clínico y puede ayudar la lámpara de Wood. Existe una gran cantidad de tratamientos disponibles en nuestro medio, con ventajas y desventajas, pero ninguno de ellos es 100% efectivo en todos los pacientes.

Biografía del autor/a

María Cristina Trujillo Correa

Médica, residente II de Dermatología, Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana, Medellín, Colombia

Luz Marina Gómez Vargas

Médica dermatóloga, Coordinadora del Servicio de Dermatología, Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana, Medellín, Colombia.

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Cómo citar
1.
Trujillo Correa MC, Gómez Vargas LM. Vitiligo. rev. asoc. colomb. dermatol. cir. dematol. [Internet]. 12 de febrero de 2019 [citado 29 de enero de 2023];17(2):76-8. Disponible en: https://revista.asocolderma.org.co/index.php/asocolderma/article/view/155

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Publicado
2019-02-12
Sección
Artículo de revisión