Utilidad de la videocapilaroscopia de lecho ungular en el diagnóstico de enfermedades reumáticas

  • Juan Pablo Restrepo
  • Marwin Gutiérrez
  • Rossella De Angelis
  • Chiara Bertolazzi
  • Walter Grassi
Palabras clave: Capilaroscopia, esclerodermia, enfermedad de Raynaud

Resumen

La capilaroscopia del lecho ungular es una herramienta útil, no invasiva, barata para el dermatólogo, la cual describe y cuantifica los cambios morfológicos de los capilares en la fila distal de los capilares periungulares de los dedos. Es un método complementario para el diagnóstico de enfermedades como la esclerodermia, la dermatomiositis, el lupus eritematoso sistémico y la enfermedad mixta del tejido conectivo y permite diferenciar entre el fenómeno de Raynaud primario y el secundario. En este artículo se describe la metodología del examen y el patrón normal de los capilares, y se revisan las aplicaciones de la capilaroscopia del lecho ungular en la práctica clínica y las alteraciones en la observación de los capilares en enfermedades reumáticas y no reumáticas.

Biografía del autor/a

Juan Pablo Restrepo

Universidad del Quindío, Armenia, Colombia.

Marwin Gutiérrez

Cattedra de Reumatologia, Università Politecnica delle Marche, Jesi, Ancona, Italia.

Rossella De Angelis

Cattedra de Reumatologia, Università Politecnica delle Marche, Jesi, Ancona, Italia.

Chiara Bertolazzi

Cattedra de Reumatologia, Università Politecnica delle Marche, Jesi, Ancona, Italia.

Walter Grassi

Cattedra de Reumatologia, Università Politecnica delle Marche, Jesi, Ancona, Italia.

Citas

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Cómo citar
1.
Restrepo JP, Gutiérrez M, De Angelis R, Bertolazzi C, Grassi W. Utilidad de la videocapilaroscopia de lecho ungular en el diagnóstico de enfermedades reumáticas. rev. asoc. colomb. dermatol. cir. dematol. [Internet]. 13 de febrero de 2019 [citado 1 de julio de 2022];17(3):154-61. Disponible en: https://revista.asocolderma.org.co/index.php/asocolderma/article/view/165

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Publicado
2019-02-13
Sección
Artículo de revisión