Poxvirus que causan enfermedad en los seres humanos

Autores/as

  • Gloria Sanclemente

Palabras clave:

Poxvirus, infección humana, piel

Resumen

Los poxvirus se dividen en dos subfamilias: la Cordopoxvirinae con ocho géneros que infectan tanto a mamíferos como a aves, y la Entomopoxvirinae con tres géneros que sólo afectan a los insectos. Los poxvirus que infectan a los humanos se distribuyen en cuatro géneros pertenecientes a la familia Cordopoxvirinae, entre los que se incluyen los Orthopoxvirus, Parapoxvirus, Molluscipoxvirus y Yatapoxvirus. De forma interesante, todos los anteriores géneros producen lesiones cutáneas con especiales características.
En este artículo se revisan la microbiología, la patogénesis, la inmunidad, la epidemiología, las manifestaciones clínicas e histopatológicas de estos virus, y su tratamiento.

Biografía del autor/a

Gloria Sanclemente

Grupo de Investigación Dermatológica, GRID, Sección de Dermatología, Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín, Colombia.
Unidad de Fotodermatología, Sección de Dermatología, IPS Universitaria, Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín, Colombia.
Sección de Dermatología, Departamento de Medicina Interna, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín, Colombia.

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Cómo citar

1.
Sanclemente G. Poxvirus que causan enfermedad en los seres humanos. rev. asoc. colomb. dermatol. cir. dematol. [Internet]. 15 de febrero de 2019 [citado 16 de junio de 2024];18(2):67-7. Disponible en: https://revista.asocolderma.org.co/index.php/asocolderma/article/view/195

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2019-02-15

Cómo citar

1.
Sanclemente G. Poxvirus que causan enfermedad en los seres humanos. rev. asoc. colomb. dermatol. cir. dematol. [Internet]. 15 de febrero de 2019 [citado 16 de junio de 2024];18(2):67-7. Disponible en: https://revista.asocolderma.org.co/index.php/asocolderma/article/view/195

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