Cuidados del cabello afroamericano.

  • Leonardo Lora-Barraza
  • Myrna B. Gómez-Parra
  • Katleen Da Cruz-Conceição
Palabras clave: Cabello africano, Cabello rizado, Condicionador de cabello, Cuidado del cabello, Origen étnico y salud

Resumen

Introducción: es importante que los dermatólogos conozcan las prácticas capilares culturales que favorecen la inflamación, acumulación de residuos y principales alteraciones que afectan el cuero cabelludo afroamericano.
Metodología: se llevó a cabo una revisión sistemática utilizando las principales bases de datos médicas teniendo como objetivo las publicaciones sobre el cabello afroamericano, sus particularidades y cosméticos capilares.
Resultados: conocer las características anatómicas y moleculares propias del pelo de origen africano ayuda a elegir productos ideales para su manejo adecuado. Las prácticas que provocan su rotura incluyen el alisado, los agentes químicos, entre otros. El champú elimina el sebo y los residuos; sin embargo, su contenido de surfactantes puede provocar alteración cosmética en el cabello crespo. Técnicas modernas para su cuidado y limpieza se han desarrollado para favorecer la sensación cosmética.
Conclusiones: la evaluación clínica además del conocimiento cultural de las rutinas capilares son herramientas fundamentales para mejorar la salud y los cuidados del cabello en esta población.

Biografía del autor/a

Leonardo Lora-Barraza

Dermatólogo por la Pontificia Universidad Católica de Río de Janeiro (PUC-Río)/ Sociedad Brasileña de Dermatolgia (SBD) 2020. Monitor académico del consultorio de dermatologia en Piel negra. Instituto de dermatología professor Rubem David Azulay (IDPRDA).

Myrna B. Gómez-Parra

Dermatóloga Fundación Universitaria de Ciencias de la Salud (FUCS) – Hospital San José (HSJ). Dermatóloga M&S Medicina especializada.

Katleen Da Cruz-Conceição

Dermatóloga por la Universidad Federal Fluminense (UFF)/ Sociedad Brasileña de Dermatologia (SBD) 2002. Jefe del consultorio de dermatología en Piel negra Instituto de dermatología professor Rubem David Azulay (IDPRDA).

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Cómo citar
1.
Lora-Barraza L, Gómez-Parra MB, Da Cruz-Conceição K. Cuidados del cabello afroamericano. rev. asoc. colomb. dermatol. cir. dematol. [Internet]. 6 de junio de 2022 [citado 25 de junio de 2022];29(4):269-81. Disponible en: https://revista.asocolderma.org.co/index.php/asocolderma/article/view/1700

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Publicado
2022-06-06
Sección
Artículo de revisión