Diagnóstico y manejo del síndrome de ovario poliquístico: una perspectiva dermatológica

  • Ana María Rivas
  • Luz Adriana Vásquez
  • María Isabel Arredondo
Palabras clave: síndrome de ovario poliquístico, acné, hirsutismo, resistencia a la insulina, trastornos menstruales, alopecia androgénica polycystic ovary syndrome, acne, hirsutism, insulin resistance, menstrual irregularity, pattern alopecia

Resumen

El síndrome de ovario poliquístico afecta 5% a 10% de las mujeres en edad fértil. Es un síndrome heterogéneo caracterizado por anovulación crónica hiperandrogénica, secundaria a una disfunción ovárica intrínseca. Aunque las pacientes afectadas se ven muy perturbadas por las manifestaciones cutáneas, que incluyen acné, hirsutismo, alopecia y acanthosis nigricans, el síndrome de ovario poliquístico puede tener implicaciones mucho más serias que las encontradas en la piel; con frecuencia causa irregularidades menstruales e infertilidad y, además, está agravado por una hiperinsulinemia resistente a la insulina, con el consecuente riesgo de diabetes mellitus y síndrome metabólico.
En este artículo se discuten las manifestaciones cutáneas del síndrome de ovario poliquístico, los diagnósticos diferenciales, la aproximación diagnóstica y las opciones terapéuticas.

Biografía del autor/a

Ana María Rivas

Médica cirujana, RIII en Dermatología, Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana, Medellín, Colombia

Luz Adriana Vásquez

Médica dermatóloga, Hospital Pablo Tobón Uribe, Medellín, Colombia

María Isabel Arredondo

Médica dermatóloga, Hospital Pablo Tobón Uribe, Medellín, Colombia

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Cómo citar
1.
Rivas AM, Vásquez LA, Arredondo MI. Diagnóstico y manejo del síndrome de ovario poliquístico: una perspectiva dermatológica. rev. asoc. colomb. dermatol. cir. dematol. [Internet]. 15 de febrero de 2019 [citado 8 de diciembre de 2022];18(2):78-90. Disponible en: https://revista.asocolderma.org.co/index.php/asocolderma/article/view/196

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Publicado
2019-02-15
Sección
Artículo de revisión