Micosis superficiales en pacientes con VIH/Sida

  • Ana Milena Toro Giraldo Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana
  • Nora Cardona C. Instituto Colombiano de Medicina Tropical-CES
Palabras clave: Micosis superficiales, dermatofitosis, HIV/Sida

Resumen

Las micosis superficiales en el contexto de un paciente VIH/Sida, a diferencia de la población general, se caracterizan por la presencia de ma­ nifestaciones atípicas, mayor extensión, mayor gravedad y menor respuesta al tratamiento. Se hace una revisión de las micosis superficiales más frecuentes en este grupo de pacientes, sus características clínicas y algunos conceptos importantes sobre el tratamiento.

Biografía del autor/a

Ana Milena Toro Giraldo, Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana

R II Dermatología de la Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana. Me­

dellín, Colombia.

Nora Cardona C., Instituto Colombiano de Medicina Tropical-CES

Investigadora del Instituto Colombiano de Medicina Tropical-CES. Medellín, Colombia

Referencias bibliográficas

1. Zuluaga A, Arango M. 2005. Micosis Superficiales.

En: Torres V, Camacho FM, Mihm MC, Sober A (eds). Dermatología Práctica Ibero- Latinoamericana. 1a ed. Nieto editores, p: 236-255.

2. Gupta AK, Batra R, Bluhm R, Boekhout T, Dawson TL.

Skin diseases associated with Malassezzia species. J Am Acad Dermatol 2004; 51(5): 785 - 798.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaad.2003.12.034

3. Minamoto GY, Rosenberg AS. Fungal infections in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Med Clin North Am 1997; 81(2): 381 - 409.
https://doi.org/10.1016/S0025-7125(05)70523-X

4. Garman ME, Tyring SK. The Cutaneous manifestations of HIV infection. Dermatol Clin 2002; 20 (2): 193-208.
https://doi.org/10.1016/S0733-8635(01)00011-0

5. Gupta AK, Bluhm R, Cooper EA, Summerbell RC, Batra R. Seborrheic dermatitis. Dermatol Clin 2003; 21 (3): 401-412.
https://doi.org/10.1016/S0733-8635(03)00028-7

6. Crespo-ErchigaV,FlorencioV.Malasseziaandpityria­ sis versicolor. Curr Opin lnfect Dis 2006; 19 (2): 139- 147.
https://doi.org/10.1097/01.qco.0000216624.21069.61

7. Arango M, Castañeda E. Micosis humanas. Medellín: CIB; 1995.

8. Burkhart CN, Chang H, Gottwald L. Tinea corporis in human immunodeficiency virus - positive patients: Case report and assessment of oral therapy. lnt J Dermatol 2003; 42 (1O): 839- 843.
https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-4362.2003.01894.x

9. Gaitán MF, Aluma MS, Cardona N. Inmunología de las Dermatofitosis. Rev Asoc Col Dermat 2005; 13 (2): 103- 108.

10. Johnson AA. Cutaneous manifestations of human immunodeficiency virus disease. En: Freedberg IM, Eisen AZ, Wolff K at al (eds) Fitzpatrick's Dermatology in general medicine 6 ed. Me Graw Hill, p 2138-2150.

11. Chen TM, Cockerell CJ 2004. Manifestaciones cutá­ neas de la infección por VIH y trastornos relacionados con el VIH. En: Bolognia JL, Jorizzo JL, Rapini RP (eds) Dermatología 1a Edición. Elsevier, España, p 1199- 1215.

12. Venkatesan P, Perfect JR, Myers SA. Evaluation and management of fungal infections in inmunocompro­ mised patients. Dermatologic therapy 2005; 18 (1): 44-57.
https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1529-8019.2005.05001.x

13. Muñoz-PérezMA,Rodríguez-PichardoA,CamachoF, Ríos JJ. Extensive and deep dermatophytosis caused by Trichopyton mentagrophytes var. lnterdigitalis in an HIV-1 positive patient. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 2000; 14 (1): 61-63.
https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1468-3083.2000.00015.x

14. Wright DC, Lennox JL, James WD, Oster CN, Tramont EC. Generalized chronic dermatophytosis in patients with human immunodeficiency virus type I infection andCD4depletion. ArchDermatol1991;127(2):265- 266.
https://doi.org/10.1001/archderm.127.2.265

15. Johnson RA. Dermatophyte infections in human immu- ne deficiency virus (HIV) disease. J Am Acad Dermatol 2000; 43 (5 Suppl):s135-142.
https://doi.org/10.1067/mjd.2000.110631

16. Sondergaard J, Weismann K, Vithayasai P, Srisuwan S, Manela- Azulay M . Ethnic and geographic differences and similarities of HIV/AIDS- related mucocutaneous diseases. lnt J Dermatol 1995; 34 (6): 416- 419.
https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-4362.1995.tb04443.x

17. Rajagopalan B, Jacob M, George S. Skin lesions in HIV- positive and HIV- negative patients in south India. lnt J Dermatol 1996; 35 (7): 489- 492.
https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-4362.1996.tb01663.x

18. Uthayakumar S, Nandwani R, Drinkwater T, Nayagam AT, Darley C. The prevalence of skin disease in HIV infection and its relationship to the degree of immuno- suppression. Br J Dermatol 1997; 137 (4): 595-598.
https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2133.1997.tb03793.x

19. Rosatelli J, Machado A, Roselino A. Dermatoses among Brazilian HIV-positive patients: correlation with the evolutionary phases of AIDS. lnt J Dermatol 1997; 36 (1O): 729- 734.
https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-4362.1997.00293.x

20. Jing W, lsmail R. Mucocutaneous manifestations of HIV infection: a retrospective analisis of 145 cases in a Chinese population in Malaysia. lnt J Dermatol 1999; 38 (6): 457- 463.
https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-4362.1999.00644.x

21. Petmy JL, Landa AJ, Kaptue L, Tchida V, Folefack M. Superficial mycoses and HIV infection in Yaounde. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 2004; 18 (3): 301 - 304.
https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-3083.2004.00924.x

22. Del Palacio A, Pereiro- Miguens M, Gimeno C, Cuetara 31. MS, Rubio R, Costa R, et al. Widespread dermatophytosis due to Microsporum (Trichophyton) gallinae in a patient with AIDS: a case report from Spain. Clin Exp Dermatol 1992; 17 (6): 449 - 453.
https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2230.1992.tb00258.x

23. Bournerias 1, De Chauvin MF, Datry A, Chambrette 1, Garriere J, Devidas A, et al. Unusual Microsporum canisinfections in adult HIV patients. J Am Acad Dermatol 1996 (5 Pt 2); 35: 808 - 81O.
https://doi.org/10.1016/S0190-9622(96)90089-4

24. Hevia O, Kligman D, Penneys NS. Nonscalp hair in- fection caused by Microsporum canis in patient with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. J Am Acad Dermatol 1991; 24 (5 Pt 1): 789 - 790.
https://doi.org/10.1016/S0190-9622(08)80374-X

25. Galhardo MC, Wanke B, Reís R, Oliveira LA, Valle AG. Disseminated dermatophytosis caused by Mi- crosporum gypseum in an AIDS patient: response to terbinafine and amorolfina. Mycoses 2004; 47 (5 - 6): 238- 241.
https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0507.2004.00969.x

26. Porro AM, Yoshioka MC, Kaminski SK, Palmeira Mdo C, Fischman O, Alchorne M. Disseminated dermato- phytosis caused by M. gypseum in two patients with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Mycopa- thologia 1997; 137 (1): 9 -12.
https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1006806304125

27. Aly R, Berger T. Common superficial fungal infections in patients with AIDS. Clin lnfect Dis 1996; 22( suppl 2): S128- S132.
https://doi.org/10.1093/clinids/22.Supplement_2.S128

28. Gupta AK, Taborda P, Taborda V, Gilmour J, Rachlis A, Salit 1, et al. Epidemiology and prevalence of ony- chomycosis in HIV- positive individuals. lnt J Dermatol 2000; 39 (1O): 746- 753.
https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-4362.2000.00012.x

29. Kaviarasan PK, Jaisankar TJ, Thappa D, Sujatha S. Clinical variations in dermatophytosis in HIV infected patients. lndian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol 2002; 68:213- 216.

30. Millikan LE. Role of oral antifungal agents for the treatment of superficial fungal infections in immunocompromised patients. Cutis 2001; 68 (1 Suppl):6-14.

31. Gupta AK, Cooper EA, Ryder JE, Nikol KA, Chow M, Chaudhry MM. Optimal management of fungal infections of the skin, hair and nails. Am J Clin Dermatol 2004; 5 (4): 225- 237.
https://doi.org/10.2165/00128071-200405040-00003

32. Huang DB, Ostrosky-Zeichner L, Wu JJ, Pang KR, Tyring SK. Therapy of common superficial fungal infections. Dermatol Ther 2004; 17 (6): 517- 522.
https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1396-0296.2004.04055.x
Cómo citar
1.
Toro Giraldo AM, Cardona C. N. Micosis superficiales en pacientes con VIH/Sida. rev. asoc. colomb. dermatol. cir. dematol. [Internet]. 1 de febrero de 2007 [citado 6 de octubre de 2022];15(1):47-4. Disponible en: https://revista.asocolderma.org.co/index.php/asocolderma/article/view/440

Descargas

La descarga de datos todavía no está disponible.
Publicado
2007-02-01
Sección
Artículo de revisión

Artículos más leídos del mismo autor/a