El mastocito y la mastocitosis

Autores/as

  • Carlos Escobar R Universidad del Valle

Palabras clave:

Mastocitos, Mastocitosis, Urticaria pigmentosa.

Resumen

Se efectúa una revisión de la morfología, bioquímica y funciones del mastocito, célula completa que juega un rol central en las reacciones de hipersensibilidad, pero también en otros cuadros patológicos (urticaria, diátesis atópica, hemangiomas, penfigoide ampolloso, respuesta a las picaduras de insecto, queloides y esclerosis sistémica) y en su estado patológico más propio, la urticaria pigmentosa. Los mastocitos están diferenciados en subpoblaciones heterogéneas: los de las mucosas y del tejido conectivo, con diferencias en su morfología y función. Es una célula pluripotencial, influida por su ambiente (vgr: tejido conectivo o intestino) y que realiza un papel de centinela en la protección del huésped ante la invasión de organismos infecciosos o proteínas extrañas.

Biografía del autor/a

Carlos Escobar R, Universidad del Valle

MD. Profesor Adjunto, Facultad de Salud, Sección de Dermatología, Universidad del Valle, Cali, Colombia.

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Cómo citar

1.
Escobar R C. El mastocito y la mastocitosis. rev. asoc. colomb. dermatol. cir. dematol. [Internet]. 1 de julio de 1991 [citado 22 de junio de 2024];1(1):24-31. Disponible en: https://revista.asocolderma.org.co/index.php/asocolderma/article/view/1461

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Publicado

1991-07-01

Cómo citar

1.
Escobar R C. El mastocito y la mastocitosis. rev. asoc. colomb. dermatol. cir. dematol. [Internet]. 1 de julio de 1991 [citado 22 de junio de 2024];1(1):24-31. Disponible en: https://revista.asocolderma.org.co/index.php/asocolderma/article/view/1461

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