Acné: Revisión y Actualización

  • Martha Helena Campo Universidad del Valle
Palabras clave: Acné

Resumen

El acné es la enfermedad cutánea más común y afecta alrededor del 85% de la población comprendida entre los 12 y los 25 años de edad.

La causa básica es desconocida.

Hay 4 eventos principales:
1. Alteración en la queratinización folicular.
2. Aumento en la producción de sebo.
3. Proliferación del P. acnés.
4. Inflamación

El tratamiento se hace con drogas tópicas: Tretinoina, peróxido de benzoilo, antibióticos principalmente eritromicina y clindamicina, ácido azelaico o isotretinoína tópica. Y con drogas de uso sistémico principalmente antibióticos como tetraciclina y sus derivados, eritromicina y trimetoprim sulfa.

En casos especiales se da terapia hormonal y en los más severos y resistentes se usa la Isotretinoína.

Biografía del autor/a

Martha Helena Campo, Universidad del Valle

Docente Adjunto
Sección de Dermatología, Facultad de Salud - Universidad del Valle

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Cómo citar
1.
Helena Campo M. Acné: Revisión y Actualización. rev. asoc. colomb. dermatol. cir. dematol. [Internet]. 1 de noviembre de 1991 [citado 27 de septiembre de 2022];1(2):71-7. Disponible en: https://revista.asocolderma.org.co/index.php/asocolderma/article/view/1448

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Publicado
1991-11-01
Sección
Monografía